Video of the discovery

The Ark of the Covenant Discovered in MesoAmerica

This new discovery has caused much excitement amongst many archaeologists from around the globe and causing some debate on this issue as it was previously thought that the Ark of the Covenant was permanently lost.

Of all places in the world Panama it would seem to be the most unlikely place to have discovered this ancient relic the Ark of the Covenant, however new evidence substantiates the claims that the lost Ark of the Covenant was smuggled to Mesoamerica by Malchiah using the Phoenicians and was hidden in a cave in Volcan Chiriqui in the republic of Panama.

The legend of the Ark of the Covenant was known amongst the local Indians as the box of thunder. Indian legends have it that on top of the mountain of Volcan Chiriqui in Panama the Great Spirit would talk to their ancestors through a cloud of thunder using a golden box to reach the Great Spirit.

This legend has spread throughout the Americas even to the Hopi Indians in North America.

The local Indians of this mountain in Chiriqui called the Ngbe-Bugle Indians formerly known as Guaymi indians are concentrated in the "Comarca Ngbe-Bugle" (territory) which extends from Chiriqui to Bocas del Toro in Panama.

The Guaymi indians are Panama's best known indian tribe after the Kunas of San Blas, with the central mountain range (cordillera) as their homeland. The easiest place to meet the Guaymis is at the town on Tole a short distance off the Panamerican Highway. The place is called Nancito and there is an archaeological museum there regarding the ancient inhabitants.

There you can find the chaquira a wide necklace woven with strings of fine, colorful beads. The "Nahua" is the native dress of the Guaymi women.


The place is called Nancito and there is an archaeological museum.

Nancito is an hour and a half drive from the City of David Chiriqui Panama and Nancito is called by the local Indians "the narrow neck of land" because the mountain of Nancito is very close to the sea. The Nancito beach is a two minute walk from the edge of the mountain and the Interamericana highway or it is also called Pan-American Highway separates the mountain from the sea. When driving to Nancito the Interamericana highway or as it is also called the Pan-American Highway south of the city of David, Panama reduces to only two lanes because it is so tight between the solid land, the sea and the Nancito Mountain. On the entry of the Nancito Mountain are normally a couple of huts made by the local indigenous Indians to sell their handmade necklaces and bags. As you drive up the top of the Nancito Mountain you will see a spectacular view of the Pacific Ocean and then you will enter the Nancito town, there you will arrive to the Nancito Archaeological Museum. In this Archaeological site are ancient maps of Petroglyphs on the rocks that date back 600 BC.

In the Archaeological site called Barriles in Volcan Baru Mountain of Chiriqui Panama there is also ancient maps of Petroglyphs on the rocks that date back 600 BC and the tourist guide will explain that the Map interpretation according to the archaeologists shows the path taken by the ancient inhabitants carrying their sacred thunder box between the Nancito Mountain and narrow neck of land to Barriles in the Volcan Baru Mountain.


Ancient maps of Petroglyphs on the rocks that date back 600 BC

The top of the Nancito Mountain you will see a spectacular view of the Pacific Ocean


Another important archaeological site is found high in the mountains and climbing the Volcan Baru Chiriqui mountain you can see both the Caribbean sea and the Pacific Ocean on a clear day!

Map of the two archaeological sites in the province of Chiriqui Panama. Nancito Mountain narrow neck of land to Barriles in the Volcan Baru Mountain.

Click image to open map

This is an archaeological site of a community of two cultures that lived together around 600 BC. The statue demonstrates a Royal class being carried by a servant of a different race. The two figures have completely different features indicating the two different cultures. The smaller figure on the shoulders of the servant has distintive royal clothing of Arabic and Phoenician ancestory.


Barriles (known also as Sitio Barriles or by the designation BU-24), is one of the most famous archaeological sites in Panama. It is located in the highlands of the Chiriquí Province of Western Panama at 1200 meters above sea level.

A German-Panamanian team of archaeologists excavated the remains of a structure in 2001, which suggested to them that Barriles was probably a village rather than an empty ceremonial center or cemetery.This large excavation block has been left open for tourists to visit today. Dr. Karen Holmberg (Brown University) sampled volcanic stata from this excavation, though much of her work was ultimately conducted near the modern towns of Boquete and Caldera on the other side of the volcano.

Dr. Scott Palumbo (College of Lake County) recently conducted the most extensive work at the site by sampling different domestic sectors with hundreds of small excavations.


Dr. Scott Palumbo (College of Lake County) work suggested that Barriles contained a far denser residential population compared to other sites in the region, and that the activities which drew people to the village were likely ceremonial feasts, perhaps associated with funerary rituals. Differences between social ranks as evidence in the double individual statues and the individuals wearing conical hats in the statues are associated with a high priest religious tradition and there is evidence also of animal sacrifices carried out in religious ceremonies.

New archaeological findings proves that the discovered golden box found in the mountains of Volcan Chiriqui in the Republic of Panama is the literal Ark of the Covenant. There is also substantial historical evidence found in ancient tablets that dates back around 600 BC showing the Ark was brought from Israel by Malchiah the son of Hammelech.

These ancients artifacts found in Panama all trace back to the period of 600 BC

Christopher Colombus said Panama was the Land of the Mines of Solomon-

The Jewish influences of the Northern part of Panama are also demonstrated by the name of the city of David in the province of Chiriqui. The city of David was founded on 1602, by Francisco de Gama, who was of Jewish descent working for the advisor of the governor Juan López de Siqueira and under his mandattory. Francisco de Gama was inspired to name the city of David after the city in Israel. Today many Jews and Arabs own the majority of the major commercial centers in the city of David of the province of Chiriqui Panama.

The name Chiriqui was originally spelt CHER - IQUI

The Panamanian CHER - IQUI Zone of Chiriqui-Bocas-Comarca land of the Ngobe Bugle indigenous Indians of Panama, has the oldest and richest ecology in America (more species of plants and birds

than all those of North America COMBINED), according to the Smithsonian Institute ;

Cher-Iqui has the richest Huacas – (which is interpreted as ancient treasures) and Panama is one of the largest Treasure hunting sites in the world, tens of thousands of gold relics are now taken to the USA and European museums all coming from CHER IQUI , (the province of Chiriqui Panama

CHER IQUI is also called the land of the mines of King Salomon and Ngobe Sabanero Kings according to Dr. Reina Torres de Arauz as documented in the thesis of the author.

"Cher - Iqui" is the aboriginal and original name for "Chiriqui"

"Cher - Iqui" means in the three languages of Aramaic, Maya & Ngobe Ka: " Dominion of the Divine Kings from the East. "

The combination of Aramaic Letters and Lunar Magnetic Rays in this Petroglyph Site comprise a Lunar - Tide Calendar of 28-31 days and forms the Aramaic word,

"Cher - Iqui"

Ngobe Sabanero Prophet - Kings are Divinely Rich , like Prophet-Kings from the East, Israel or Egypt, like the Ngobe Twin Kings below.

The Ngobe Twin Kings are adorned with Semitic Bands composed of Mystical Letters , Golden Chains and Golden Mirrors, as required by the Word of God since the Times of Cabala and worn by Semitic Kings ,like King David and King Solomon.

Two important Kings in Panama have Jewish names
Ngobe King Volcan Malchiah the son of Hammelech Ngobe King Uraba Benjamin

The Ngobe Twin Kings are adorned
with Semitic Bands composed of 
Mystical Letters ,
Golden Chains and Golden Mirrors, 
and worn by Semitic Kings ,
 like King David and King Solomon .


In Jeremiah 38:6 it speaks of a "dungeon of Malchiah the son of Hammelech in the court of the prison" the name Malchiah is pronounced as the name MalkiYahu ben-hamMelek and should be translated to MalkiYahu, son of the king, and that this is the Son of Zedekiah."

Then took they Jeremiah, and cast him into the cistern of Malchiah the son of Hammelech, that was in the court of the prison: and they let down Jeremiah with ropes. And in the dungeon there was no water, but mire: so Jeremiah sank in the mire. Jeremiah 38:6

Biblical scholars have recently had interesting things to say about a person named Malchiah. Jeremiah 38:6 speaks of a "dungeon of Malchiah the son of Hammelech . . . in the court of the prison." But the Hebrew name here, MalkiYahu ben-hamMelek, should be translated "MalkiYahu, son of the king," the Hebrew word melek meaning "king."

Was this MalkiYahu a son of King Zedekiah? Several factors indicate that he was. For one thing, the title "son of the king" was used throughout the ancient Near East to refer to actual sons of kings who served as high officers of imperial administration.1 The same is certainly true of the Bible, in which kings' sons ran prisons (see 1 Kings 22:26-27; Jeremiah 36:26; 38:6) or performed other official functions (see 2 Kings 15:5; 2 Chronicles 28:7). Moreover, in view of the fact that the name MalkiYahu has been found on two ostraca from Arad (in southern Judah), the late head of the Department of Archaeology at Tel Aviv University, Yohanan Aharoni, said that "Malkiyahu is a common name and was even borne by a contemporary son of king Zedekiah."

Jeremiah warned Malchiah and he did take his advice and ordered the Ark of the Covenant be removed and smuggled out of Israel.

Malchiah did successfully escape the Babylonian capture of Israel and fled with the Ark of the Covenant to Mesoamerica via the Mediterranean, Atlantic Ocean, and Caribbean, with Phoenicians and Greeks.

There was a small group of Israelites that followed Malchiah into the wilderness and joined with the Phoenicians and Greeks to smuggle the Ark of the Covenant to Mesoamerica. The Phoenicians were the only ones with the skills and the sea-going capability required for a trans- Atlantic crossing. By 600 BC, they were building ships that could carry 50 to 100 tons, making them comparable in size and tonnage to the Portuguese caravels of the 15th century. We know of two historic occasions when the Phoenicians, on the one hand, and their North African counterparts, the Carthaginians, on the other, could have wandered off the western coast of Africa and accidentally landed on the eastern coast of South America. In the first instance, a Phoenician fleet was commissioned by the Egyptian pharaoh, Necho, around 600 BC to circumnavigate Africa, sailing out of the Red Sea and returning home by way of Gibraltar. In the second instance, around 450 BC, the Carthaginian king, Hanno, sailed with a fleet of 60 ships through the Straits of Gibraltar and down along the western coast of Africa at least as far south as present day Guinea and Sierra Leone, the point on the continent closest to the shores of Brazil.

Necho was an ambitious king of the twenty-sixth dynasty who strove to expand Egypt's boundaries and influence. He attempted the construction of a canal between the Nile and the Red Sea and challenged the powerful Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar for control of Syria. He failed at both enterprises. But according to the Greek historian Herodotus, his hired Phoenician fleet successfully completed its mission of circumnavigating Africa. It sailed out of the Red Sea into the Indian Ocean, rounded the southern tip of Africa and returned to Egypt and the Mediterranean by way of Gibraltar. The expedition supported itself by putting in along the African coast every autumn, sowing a patch of ground, and waiting for the next year's harvest. Then, having gotten their grain, they would sail on to the next harbor. It took them nearly three years to complete the mission.

Phoenician Ship


Phoenician civilization was an enterprising maritime trading culture that spread across the Mediterranean between the 1200 BC and 900 BC. Their language was Semite, related to Hebrew and Arab, and so was the race of the Phoenicians. The name Phoenicians could from ancient Egyptian, meaning Syrians while some say it comes from the Greek foinix "red skin"

They were the first sailors adventuring behind the Gibraltar straits in the Atlantic Ocean and the first nation to employ man-powered trade using cedars (the famous cedars of Lebanon!)- galleys with two banks of oars (biremes), with or without sails. The cedars offered both wood and resin for building the ships and the cedar wood was extremely appreciated by the Egyptians, Jews (who made the Jerusalem Temple of cedar wood) and other people.

They usually navigated near the shore, but sometimes they adventured on the open sea, using for orientation the stars. At the beginning of their maritime expeditions, they just traded employing trading points, located close to one another, at a day of navigation on the sea one from another (about 30 km).

Malchiah and his Israeli servants carrying the Ark of the Covenant escaped to the Phoenicians and united with them to take the Ark abroad. Malchiah boarded the Phoenician ship sometime around the Babylonian capture of King Zedekiah.The Phoenicians set sail to Mesoamerica and arrived in the Northern part of the land called today as Panama and what is now the border of Costa Rica and Panama.

The Ark of the Covenant was then carried to the northern part of Panama and then brought to the mountains of Chiriqui and hidden in a cave in Volcan Chiriqui in the republic of Panama. Most of this land is occupied by local Panamanian Ngabe and Guaimi Indians and these indigenous tribes guard the Ark of the Covenant in Palmira Panama.

Malchiah was then anoited as the King of "Cher - Iqui" which is the aboriginal and original name for "Chiriqui"the Ngobe King Volcan

Malchiah the son of Hammelech

El Dorado the lost city of gold.

Saraivla was an ancient city built of wood and inhabited by two cultures around 600 BC until the wooden city was destroyed by fire from the Volcano in Volcan Baru Chiriqui, Panama. Archaeologists' estimate the city was completely consumed by fire around 30 AD. Although the principal city of Saraivla was fortified by wood fences and the homes were all made of wooden huts, the inhabitants were also skilled craftsmen and farmers that also worked agriculture, metalworking including precious minerals used such as gold, silver and copper work manufacturing. The remnant survivors who fled the burning city Saraivla migrated south to the central highlands of present-day Colombia's Eastern Range and continued the Muisca Confederacy.

The union formed between the two cultures inhabiting Saraivla was called the Muisca Confederacy because king Muisca of the city Saraivla was known for dancing around a golden box of thunder. King Muisca made an alliance with a group of people migrating from South America. The union is estimated took place around 550 BC. After the destruction of their city Saraivla around 30 AD the remaining survivors migrated south to the central highlands of Colombia.

Archaeologists and a petrographer found under close examination in the ancient writings excavated in the site of Barriles Volcan Chiriqui Panama, the name Muska, and traced the name of the king Muisca to originally being written as Muska.

The name Muska had evolved over time with a partial change in the spelling by the time the Spanish had arrived the great ruler´s name evolve into Muisca. This was one of the main sources of historical evidence that made a link between the ancient civilizations inhabiting Central America with the Jews. Muska is a biblical name, he is one of the sons of Japheth (Hebrew. יפת, Latin Iafeth, Arabic: يافث)

By the time the Spanish Empire in 1537 discovered the people called Muisca they were Chibcha-speaking people that formed the Muisca Confederacy of the central highlands of present-day Colombia's Eastern Range. The Muisca were mostly divided by allegiances to three great Kings: the Zaque, centered in Chunza, ruling a territory roughly covering modern southern and northeastern Boyacá and southern Santander; and the Zipa, centered in Bacatá, its territory embarking most of modern Cundinamarca, the western Llanos and northeastern Tolima; and the Iraca, ruler of Suamox and modern northeaster Boyacá and southwestern Santander.

The three kings of the Muisca civilization have names that also relate back to the ancient Middle East and Israel. The names Zaque, Zipa and Iraca are names that associate with Hebrew and Arabic languages.

These three kings told the Spanish conquerors that their roots stem back to a lost city of gold called Saraivla. This legend excited the Spanish and many explorers since then have tried to find El Dorado the lost city of gold.

In the National Geographic an article titled “El Dorado Legend” mentions the ancient artwork, on display at the Gold Museum in Bogota, Colombia, shows the origin of the El Dorado myth. Legend tells of a Muisca king who would cover himself in gold dust during festivals, then dive from a raft into Lake Guatavita.

for more information regarding the Muisca king in “El Dorado Legend” National Geographic

please visit:

Nancito is oriented in a general north-south direction between the narrow neck of land to the North of Volcan Chiriqui and south of the other important archaeological site called El Caño. It is a town in the Coclé province of Panama and is one of Panama's most important archaeological sites: a ceremonial and burial place of pre-Columbian times.

·         Nancito is flanked by the west Pacific Ocean and the Isla Toro, Isla la Porcada, La Albina sea east sea.

·         Nancito is a place where the sea divides the land.

·         La Albina east sea is the "narrow pass" which is narrower than the neck itself of Nancito.

·         It takes  one day and a half to walk from Nancito to Barriles Site - VOLCAN - Chiriqui, Panama  

·         Nancito is a lower elevation than the higher land to the south El Caño in the Coclé province of Panama


·         The combined land of Nancito to El Caño in the Coclé province of Panama southward from the Narrow Neck, follows the shore line and is completely surrounded by water.  And Nancito is small enough that the ancient inhabitants considered their land an island.


  Another important ancient archaeological site in Panama between these sites is located on the coast of the Gulf of Parita in the province of Herrera. With a surface of 8,000 hectares (20,000 acres) that are divided in three different areas: 3,500 hectares of semi-desert area, 3,000 hectares of sea and 1,500 hectares of fragmented soils. Inside the park are the remains of the oldest Pre-Columbian Indian village in Panama, pieces of pottery and objects made of stone that are being studied by scientists from all over the continent. This famous Sarigua desert was called by the ancient inhabitants the Desolate kingdom, which is located toward the southern portion of the narrow neck of Nancito. All that is left of the ancient civilization in this desolate land are the remains of the oldest Pre-Columbian Indian village.

Desierto de Sarigua

·         Another ancient practice performed by the indigenous people is a serpent dance. The dance is a ceremonial ritual to protect them from snake because there was a time when the narrow neck was blocked by an infestation of poisonous snakes to such an extent that either man or animal could pass. This occurred because of the water barrier on both sides of Nancito, and in a warm climate where snakes would not hibernate during a cold season.

This archaeological discovery of the Ark of the Covenant found in the mountains of the republic of Panama proves that one of the sons of the king of Israel whose name is Malchiah the son of King Zedekiah, did escape from being killed by the Babylonian army and migrated to Mesoamerica with the Ark of the Covenant.

The statue found in the archaeological site in Barriles, Volcán, Panama reveals two cultures united and living together in a society that was influenced by Jewish religious ceremonies and Jewish royal customs.


"The Cushite," a name known from ancient Egyptian texts and from ancient seals found that date back around 600 BC time period in Israel. Jeremiah wrote of one "Ebedmelech the Ethiopian," where the Hebrew term behind "Ethiopian" is Cushi, "Cushite."

Malchiah sent his servant Ebed-Melech to rescue Jeremiah. (Hebrew: עֶבֶד-מֶלֶךְ; Latin: Abdemelech) is mentioned in the Book of Jeremiah as an official at the palace of king Zedekiah of Judah during the Siege of Jerusalem. The name is translated as Servant of the King, and as such may not be his proper name but a hereditary title. The text relates that he was an Ethiopian (Jeremiah chapter 38:7) and a eunuch.

Ebed-Melech is notable for rescuing the prophet Jeremiah from the cistern where he was imprisoned. (Jer 38:7–13). Later, Jeremiah informed him that he would be spared after the fall of the city to the Babylonians (Jer 39:15–18). Ebed-Melech can be seen a precursor to the faith of the New Testament believers, since he is saved because he trusted in God (Jer 39:18). And this same promise was given to son of King Zedekiah. Jeremiah blessed Malchiah (the son of the king of Judah) for sending his servant Ebed-Melech to rescue Jeremiah.

Melech means king in hebrew; which is similar in form to "melchizedek" or 'melech zedek' which means 'king of righteousness' with 'zedekiah' meaning 'righteous one'.

Malchiah (or better, MalkiYahu) was "the son of Hammelech" according to the King James translation of Jeremiah. But clearly this should have been translated "the son of the king" since -melech in Hebrew means the same as melek, king. Several factors now indicate that Malchiah was in fact not just the son of an anonymous king but the son of Zedekiah. Thus concluded Yohanan Aharoni, the late head of the Department of Archaeology at Tel Aviv University.

Prof. Cyrus Gordon demonstrated that there were contacts between the Greeks and peoples of the ancient Near East as early as the second millennium BC. As a result of this contact, a Greek (Ionian) name, Nikomed, shows up as that of a 13th-century BC king of the ancient Syrian town of Ugarit, where a language closely related to Hebrew was spoken and written.

South of Ugarit is the region of Lebanon, home to the people called Phoenicians by the Greeks and Canaanites by others. These were the great seafarers of Bible times and they had close contacts with the Greeks, who were also involved in sea trading. Indeed, the Greeks borrowed their alphabet from the Phoenicians. Archaeologists in Panama have recently discovered evidence that the party that accompanied Malchiah to the New World came aboard Phoenician vessels. This can explain how Greek names came to be found in Muisca society after the Muisca and Phoenicians merged.

"the Cushite," a name known from ancient Egyptian texts and from seals from 600 BC time period found in Israel. Jeremiah wrote of one "Ebedmelech the Ethiopian," where the Hebrew term behind "Ethiopian" is Cushi, "Cushite."

In conclusion; the new archaeological evidence discovered in Panama in November 2012 supports the new idea that the statue is of Malchiah (the son of King Zedekiah) sitting on the shoulders of his servant Ebed-Melech ( the Cushite or Ethiopian).

This new discovery supports the theory of William Penn's discovery of the American Indians tracing their roots back to the lost ten tribes of Israel. William Penn´s theory has definitely become more of a reality, seeing that the new evidence found in Panama supports his ideas of lost tribes of Israel migrating to the Americas and continuing their Israelite customs and lifestyles recorded in ancient biblical history. The discovery and new interpretation of the statue of a Jewish royal descendant sitting upon the shoulders of his servant of ancient Ethiopian ancestry living in the Americas, has now opened a can of worms to archaeologists around the world seeking more evidence regarding the findings tracing back to the Jews. The statue is located in the Sitio Barriles, Volcán, Panama, a sacred burial site for the royal Jewish families as well as a sacred temple site used by the same community.

One of the first books to suggest the Native American Lost Tribe theory was written by a Jew, the Dutch rabbi, scholar, and diplomat Manasseh ben Israel. In The Hope of Israel (1650), Ben Israel suggested that the discovery of the Native Americans, a surviving remnant of the Assyrian exile, was a sign heralding the messianic era. Just one year later, Thomas Thorowgood published his best seller Jews in America, Or, Probabilities that those Indians are Judaical, made more probable by some Additional to the former Conjectures. The Lost Tribe idea found favor among early American notables, including Cotton Mather (the influential English minister), Elias Boudinot (the New Jersey lawyer who was one of the leaders of the American Revolution), and the Quaker leader William Penn.

The notion was revived after James Adair, a 40-year veteran Indian trader and meticulous chronicler of the Israelitish features of Native American religion and social custom wrote The History of the American Indians...Containing an Account of their Origin, Language, Manners, Religion and Civil Customs in 1775. Even Epaphras Jones, an American Bible professor engaged the theory in 1831, claiming that anyone "conversant with the European Jews and the Aborigines of America… will perceive a great likeness in color, features, hair, aptness to cunning, dispositions for roving, &s."

Religious Connotations

Some of these writers were interested in Native American history, but most of them were just interested in the Bible. Indeed, the Lost Tribe claim should be seen as part of a general 19th-century fascination with biblical history. Explorations of Holy Land flora and fauna, the geography of the Holy Land, the life of Jesus-the-man, were very much en vogue. A close identification among some 17th and 18th century Americans with the chosen people of Scripture helped Christian settlers see their colonization of New England as a reenactment of Israel's journey into the Promised Land.

It also contributed to a more general religious mythmaking scheme that helped define the national identity of the United States. To cite just one example, in a 1799 Thanksgiving Day sermon, Abiel Tabbot told his congregation in Massachusetts: "It has often been remarked that the people of the United States come nearer to a parallel with Ancient Israel, than any other nation upon the globe. Hence, 'OUR AMERICAN ISRAEL,' is a term frequently used; and common consent allows it apt and proper."

A curious incident that drew considerable attention and "proved," at least to some, that Native Americans had ancient Israelite origins unfolded when tefillin (phylacteries) were "discovered" in Pittsfield, Massachusetts in the early 19th century. Their discoverer wrote that this "forms another link in the evidence by which our Indians are identified with the ancient Jews, who were scattered upon the face of the globe, and to this day remain a living monument, to verify and establish the eternal truths of Scripture."

Prominent Jews Respond

Around the time of the Pittsfield tefillin incident, Mordecai Manuel Noah, the journalist, playwright, politician, and Jewish American statesman, began spilling ink about the subject. Noah wrote a play She Would be a Soldier; or, The Plains of Chippewa (1819), that resolved the tension between the Yankees and the British by identifying the Indian Great Spirit with the God of the Bible. Noah's ideas about Jewish-Native affinities grew in a distinctly political manner when he invited Natives Americans to help settle "Ararat," the separatist Jewish colony he hoped to establish on Grand Island on the Niagara River around 1825.

Noah's writings on Jewish Natives came to their full expression with his Discourse on the Evidences of the American Indians Being the Descendants of the Lost Tribes of Israel (1837). The work documented a host of theological, linguistic, ritual, dietary, and political parallels between Jews and Native Americans. Most importantly, he identified several essential character traits shared by the two peoples, all of which were, of course, highly laudable. For Noah, the conflation of Indians and Jews sanctioned the latter as divinely ordained Americans.

Accepting Native Americans as ancient Israelites held several--sometimes mutually exclusive--implications for American Jews. Foremost, it meant that the Indians were, in some way, related. It could buttress the sentiment that America was the New Jerusalem. This was the destined place where the original exiles, scattered to unknown corners of the world, were ingathered to their God-chosen Promised Land. They were not "lost" at all. Rather, the near aboriginal connection of Jews to the American soil served as evidence of the end of exile, and another reason to support a new American Jewish identity. The Lost Tribe theory had significant symbolic stakes--for Jews, Christians, and Native Americans. Linking America and its earliest inhabitants with the Bible and its theology, meant staking a claim on America--and championing God's plan for the New World.

Even the earliest settlers and explorers of the New World were intrigued by the possibility of encountering a lost remnant of the House of Israel in the New World. Christopher Columbus, the man credited with "discovering" the New World, proclaimed that these newly discovered "Indians" were, in fact, of Jewish origins. Columbus even suggested that Spain could, "recruit their bodies and their wealth to assist Europeans in a final crusade to crush Islam and reclaim Jerusalem" (Alan Taylor, American Colonies: The Settlement of North America, 33).

After the American Revolution, the fascination with Native American origins was carried to new heights. Despite the fact that no obvious proof could be found to substantiate the claim that Native Americans were the lost tribes of Israel, scores of religious zealots hoped to uncover this claim's validity. Just before embarking on their continental trek, President Thomas Jefferson wrote a brief letter to Meriwether Lewis and William Clark in which he instructed them to "acuire what knolege you can of the state of morality, religion & information among them [the Indians] as it may better enable those who endeavor to civilize & instruct them." In addition, Jefferson shared a personal correspondence with his friend, Meriwether Lewis, in which he expressed his hope that the trek west might provide evidence as to the whereabouts of the lost tribes of Israel (Stephen Ambrose, Undaunted Courage, 154).

In addition to the president, Dr. Benjamin Rush revealed his hope for the discovery of the lost tribes of Israel when he wrote to Lewis and Clark to investigate these claims.

Ethan Smith, for example, who was not only a pastor to a small church in Vermont but was also a self-proclaimed expert on Jewish history, hoped to prove the Jewish roots of Native Americans by appealing to the Bible. In his 1825 book, View of the Hebrews, Smith endeavors to point out what he saw as similarities between Native American religious custom and that of ancient Judaism. As Smith states:

In all their rites which I have learned of them, there is certainly a most striking similitude to the Mosaic rituals. Their feasts of first fruits; feasts of in gathering; day of atonement; peace offerings; sacrifices. They build an altar of stone before a tent covered with blankets; within the tent they burn tobacco for incense, with fire taken from the altar of burnt offering. All who have seen a dead human body are considered unclean eight days; which time they are excluded from the congregation.

For Smith, this was ample proof of God's biblical prophesy that, "he [God] shall set up an ensign for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth" was being fulfilled (Isaiah 11:12).

In the record of Imanual Howitt, who had traveled extensively throughout the United States in the early part of the 19th century, the Native Americans held a certain intrigue that permeates his writings. Howitt, though not a deeply religious man, had adopted the earlier opinion of William Penn, who believed that the "Indians...developed from the lost tribes of Israel." As a result, Howitt became a passionate advocate for the further study of Indian rituals and customs.

The fervor over the possibility of American Indians being of Jewish descent was only furthered when Barbara Simon published her book, The Ten Tribes of Israel Historically Identified with the Aborigines of the Western Hemisphere in 1836. Aside from quoting a plethora of biblical sources to defend her thesis, Simon also claims that early Mexican paintings found by Spanish conquistadors contain "allusions to the restoration of the dispersed tribes of Israel."


I am in the republic of Panama and in this video I will present to you evidence of the discovery of the Ark of the Covenant found here in Panama and how the Ark of the Covenant's design and shape really was made after the similar design of the Egyptian sacred box.

But first I want to show you when Moses ordered the Ark of the Covenant to be made of wood and gold that he was obviously influenced by the Egyptians.

Moses had lived amongst the Egyptians for many years so he had adopted the designs of the furniture of the Egyptian designers. The Egyptians also built sacred chests that were carried with poles just like the Ark of the Covenant.

In this tomb we find evidence of the Egyptian sacred chest made like a wooden box with gold leaf and it is nearly the exact same dimensions of the Ark of the Covenant.

The Winged Guardians
They can be found at several places in Egypt,
one of which is these Cherubim (winged creatures) on Tutankhamun's Shrine.

The construction of the Ark is commanded by God to Moses while the Jews were still camped at Sinai (Ex. 25:10-22; 37:1-9). The Ark was a box with the dimensions of two-and-a-half cubits in length, by one-and-a-half cubits in heights, by one-and-a-half cubits in width (a cubit is about 18 inches). It was constructed of acacia wood, and was plated with pure gold, inside and out. On the bottom of the box, four gold rings were attached, through which two poles, also made of acacia and coated in gold, were put. The family of Kehath, of the tribe of Levi, would carry the ark on their shoulders using these poles.

Covering the box was the kapporet, a pure gold covering that was two-and-a-half by one-and-a-half cubits. Attached to the kapporet were two sculpted Cherubs, also made of pure gold. The two Cherubs faced one another, and their wings, which wrapped around their bodies, touched between them.

The Ark was built by Bezalel, son of Uri, son of Hur, who constructed the entire Tabernacle – the portable Temple used in the desert and during the conquest of the land of Israel. The Tabernacle was the resting place for the Ark, and also contained other vessels that were used in the physical worship of God. According to Nachmanides (Ex. 25:1), the Jews were commanded to build the Tabernacle it was God's method of achieving continuous revelation in the Israelites' camp.

Spiritually, the Ark was the manifestation of God's physical presence on earth (the shekhina). When God spoke with Moses in the Tent of Meeting in the desert, he did so from between the two Cherubs (Num. 7:89). Once the Ark was moved into the Holy of Holies in the Tabernacle, and later in the Temple, it was accessible only once a year, and then, only by one person. On Yom Kippur, the High Priest (Kohen Gadol) could enter the Holy of Holies to ask forgiveness for himself and for all the nation of Israel (Lev. 16:2).

The relationship between the Ark and the shekhina is reinforced by the recurring motif of clouds. God's presence is frequently seen in the guise of a cloud in the Bible (Ex. 24:16), and the Ark is constantly accompanied by clouds: When God spoke from between the Cherubs, there was a glowing cloud visible there (Ex. 40:35); when the Jews traveled, they were led by the Ark and a pillar of clouds (Num. 10:34); at night, the pillar of clouds was replaced by a pillar of fire, another common descriptor of God's appearance (Ex. 24:17); and when the High Priest entered presence of the Ark on Yom Kippur, he did so only under the cover of a cloud of incense, perhaps intended to mask the sight of the shekhina in all its glory (Lev. 16:13).

The Ark remained in the Temple until its destruction at the hand of the Babylonian empire, led by Nebuchadnezzar.


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